09.00 - Sydney Padua
09.40 - Jorge Buescu
10.20 - Bernard Hodgson
11.30 - António Machiavelo
12.10 - Jérôme Germoni
12.50 - lunch
15:00 - Darya Apushinskaya, Alexander Nazarov
15.40 - Carlota Simões, Carlos Santos
16.20 - Carlo Toffalori
17.00 - break
17:30 - José Francisco Rodrigues
18.10 - Péter Pál Pálfy
19.00 - closure
Imaginary Engines: Ada Lovelace and Between Byron and Babbage
Sydney Padua, London, England
One hundred years before the first computers were built out of wires and vacuum tubes, the Victorian polymath Charles Babbage designed a gigantic punchcard and cogwheel calculating machine, the Analytical Engine. Writing programs for the Engine was his close friend Ada Lovelace, daughter of the infamous Lord Byron, whose mother had given her extensive mathematical training to counter her father’s malign poetic influence. In Babbage’s machine Ada saw a way to create what she called a “Poetical Science”: combining metaphor and mathematics to anticipate the digital age. Unfortunately Ada died young and Babbage never built his Engine, leaving their story as one of the greatest what-ifs in the history of science.
The graphic novel: a new literary genre meets Mathematics communication
Jorge Buescu, U Lisboa, Portugal
Comics have long been regarded as a light, relatively mindless form of entertainment directed at youngsters. However, since the 1980s they have given rise to a whole new literary genre known as graphic novels: comic book-style works of complex structure density which the narrative depth is matched by visually gripping artwork. Main landmarks are Art Spiegelman’s Maus and Neil Gaiman’s Sandman. Mathematics communication, on the other hand, has developed enormously in the last decades, extending its reach to video, games, recreational maths and even street activities. In the last decade it has discovered the graphic novel as a new vehicle. We will present the results of this unexpected interaction between Mathematics and Literature, which are nothing short of spectacular.
Mathematico-literary gleanings: potential interplay between mathematics and literature as seen in relation to secondary education
Bernard R. Hodgson, U Laval, Québec, Canada
This talk is mostly based on short papers that I am currently writing for Accromath, a bi-annual magazine launched ten years ago in Québec and whose mission is the popularisation of mathematics amongst secondary school teachers (and their pupils). I will present a few examples, mostly taken from the French literature, where ingredients with an explicit mathematical flavour can be found in literary works. I am guided in my choices both my personal coups de cœur and also by what I see as their potential for the context of secondary education—for example, the extent to which these excerpts could be used as a starting point for a mathematical activity in the classroom. The examples I will be offering will involve authors such as Marcel Pagnol, Boris Vian, Raymond Queneau (and other OULIPO members), as well as Franquin, the “father” of the famous and hilarious Gaston Lagaffe. I will also briefly mention some personal encounters with the mathematics-literature interaction.
Mathematical Metaphors in Proust
António Machiavelo, U Porto, Portugal
In the monumental work “In Search of Lost Time” there are a number of metaphors that show Proust to have very accurate ideas on some non-trivial mathematics. We will go over these metaphors, and will point out some of their philosophical relevance. The entire book is also a sort of loop with some delicious self-references with a strong mathematical flavour. We intend to explain why this is so.
Borges as mathematician
Jérôme Germoni, U Lyon 1, France
More or less explicit references to mathematical ideas abound in Jorge Luis Borges's short stories: infinity, recursivity, equality, logical paradoxes, and many more. Besides, many of Borges's texts "taste" like mathematics. The talk will point out a few of these structures, but also more hidden resonances where the short story turns out to be unexpectedly similar to mathematical thinking. The last part, inspired by Guillermo Martinez, will try to unravel a few reasons why mathematicians often like Borges so much.
The Queen of words and the Queen of formulas
Darya Apushkinskaya, U Saarbrucken, Germany, and Alexander Nazarov, PDMI RAS and U St.Petersburg, Russia
Camões and Mathematics
Carlota Simões, U Coimbra, Portugal, and Carlos Santos, A Ludus, Lisboa, Portugal
Luís de Camões (1524-1579) had a clear and accurate knowledge of XVI century's astronomy. For his epic poem "The Lusiads", it is known today that the the main source for astronomic references was the mathematician and Royal Cosmographer Pedro Nunes (1502-1578) whom he may have known in person. Some authors claim that Camões date of birth is given in one of his sonnets by astronomical hints. During the Eighties of last century, in an exercise similar to those from the group OuLiPo, the poet Alberto Pimenta took one of his sonets, reorganized the letters of each verse of the poem and came up with a new sonnet; ironically, this author did not manage to organize a new verse from the last one of the original poem until he put aside the letters L and C, the initials of the author of the original sonnet. It seems that, in some mysterious and magical way, Camões came to reclaim the authorship of the new poem. In this talk we present several fascinating aspects of Camões legacy.
Dostoyesvky as mathematician
Carlo Toffalori, U Camerino, Italia
José Anastácio da Cunha (1744-1787): Mathematician and Poet
José Francisco Rodrigues, U Lisboa, Portugal
The life and work of this Portuguese progressive thinker, modern mathematician and talented poet is briefly overviewed as a pupil of the Oratorians in Lisbon, his hometown, as a young military in Valença, as a university professor of Geometry in Coimbra, as a man sentenced and destroyed by the Inquisition for being a heretic and follower of authors such as Voltaire and as an author, pedagogue and polemist back in Lisbon. As a mathematician, he is known by his short but deep contributions in the foundations of infinitesimal analysis, appreciated by Gauss and highlighted by Yushkevich, and as a proto-romantic poet he is considered by Fernando Pessoa to “represent the first white glimmer of dawn on the horizon of Portuguese literature, for he represents the first attempt to dissolve the hardened shape of traditionalist stupidity by the usual method of multiplied culture contacts”.
Péter Eszterházy, an outstanding postmodern author, passed away in July this year.Coming from one of the most famous Hungarian aristocratic families he was allowed to study only a subject furthest away from ideology: mathematics. Although he had worked only four years as a mathematician, his creative power and the surprising connections in his writings show that mathematics had a deep influence on his literary works. His books have been translated into several languages, including "Os Verbos Auxiliares do Coração” in Portuguese.
Portuguese Mathematical Society (SPM)
Science Museum of the University of Coimbra (MCUC)
LOCALLivraria de Santiago, Óbidos
FOLIO MAIS - MATEMÁTICA E LITERATURA
22 de Setembro a 2 de Outubro, 2016